(German Dresden [dresdn], Sorbian Drježdźany) the provincial capital and also the second largest city in Saxony kreisfreie (District-free city). Near Dresden are some other major cities, For example, Chemnitz (80 km west), Leipzig (100 km northwest) Berlin (170 km north). 150 km south then decays Prague, 230 km east of Wroclaw is found (Wroclaw). Dresden lies on the Elbe (it. Elbe) between the eastern foothills of the Ore Mountains (it. Erzgebirge), stubble Lusatian Mountains and Elbe sandstone. Thanks to its natural position and its Baroque and mediteránnímu architectural charm of the city is called the Elbe Florence. The highest point of Dresden is Triebenberg.
The origin of the name of the city of Dresden (German Dresden) was derived from starosrbského designation Drežďany for people originally from the area of swamps and floodplain forests.
|altitude:||113 m n. m.|
|area:||328,3 km ²|
|Population:||529 781 (31. 12. 2011)|
Originally a fishing village, Registered buyers and markraběcího headquarters in Dresden developed into a spa and a royal residence and later became the provincial capital of Saxony.
You are so politickýmcentrem the Federal Government established the provincial government, Diet, and other municipal offices. The city has an urban district status (District-free city) and is the seat of the government district Dresden, University of Technology, and also of many other colleges and other schools.
Dresden served most of its history as the seat of the Dukes of Saxony, who at the same time from 13. century held the title of secular electors (specific title Supreme Marshal), Thus electors king of the Holy Roman Empire. Title electors your dukes Saxon rulers retained until the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in the year 1806, which was also the Saxon vévodstvípřeměno on Saxon kingdom in the process of entry into the Saxon State Napoleon's Confederation of the Rhine. Dresden since 1806 year 1918, when the monarchy was replaced by a republic establishment, functioned as the capital of the Kingdom of Saxony.
During the Second World War, the city of 13. do 15. February 1945 as a result of massive air raids RAF and USAAF almost completely destroyed. Roughly 45 % All bombs were dropped on the city were incendiaries, which caused a major fire around the city center (so. Firestorm). The exact number of victims is still unknown, because there was a lot of refugees from approaching the eastern front and the town was then completely overcrowded. According to the final police report of March 1945 remains were found 18 375 Dead, while the total number of victims was estimated at Dresden police chief 25 thousand people. Due to defend against vypuknutíepidemie had to be thousands of unidentified bodies of victims burned. Unintended consequence of aerial bombing of Dresden was a mistake, it was instead of Dresden 14. February 1945 also bombed Prague.
In 2002 Dresden was due to its location on the river Elbe flood affected millennial, high water flew here from the Czech Republic.
In the city, a number of baroque buildings, that their scope and importance beyond the importance of Dresden, Saxony jakometropole. Among the most important example Kennel (Running baroque palace fortifications kurfiřtského),Taschenbergpalais, Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, known as Hofkirche, Saxon State operaSemperoper, unique Protestant church Frauenkirche (square ground plan).
The world-famous museums Dresden situated within the precincts of the royal palace (Royal Palace), which hosts collections of Saxon electors and kings Green Vault, Turkish Chamber, Mathematics and Physics salon, Prints and Drawings čiMünzkabinett. Located at the Albertina gallery Galerie Neue Meister (New Masters) av novorenesanční části Zwingeru Old Masters Picture Gallery (Old Masters) or Porcelain Collection. Other museums include the Johanneum (Museum of Transport), the Japanese Palace (the Prehistoric Museum of Ethnology) - Significant and unique jeHygienemuseum, which is to transfer knowledge of health, human biology and medicine into general public. The most famous exhibit is transparent woman.
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